Gallaudet University, and its development partner, The JBG Companies, today announced that Hall McKnight, an award-winning architectural practice from Belfast, Northern Ireland, has won the Gallaudet University International Design Competition.
Established in 1864, Gallaudet University is the world’s only liberal arts university in which all programmes and services are designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students.
This announcement is the culmination of a three-stage design competition, run by the London- based specialists Malcolm Reading Consultants, which sought to identify the most innovative design team capable of redefining the University’s urban edge as a vibrant, mixed-use, creative and cultural district.The winner’s vision was described as offering an accomplished approach, combining poetic qualities with a deep sense of what Gallaudet is, and should be. The competition jury praised the winners for their clear understanding of the University’s unique culture and ethos, and their natural affinity for working within deaf experiences.
Hall McKnight is an award-winning architectural practice based in Belfast and London. They are particularly known for the Metropolitan Arts Centre, Belfast (completed 2012) and their remodeling
of Vartov Square, Copenhagen (completed 2013). Current projects include work for King’s College London, where they are developing proposals for a site located amongst some of the most significant of London’s Grade 1 listed buildings. Team members include Ian McKnight, Alastair Hall, and deaf architect Richard Dougherty.
Hall McKnight’s approach proceeded from reflections on “meeting, communing, engaging” – the foundations of human communication – and proposed dynamic new spaces, both within the University and between the campus and the city. They sought to create a building that would endure and develop, acting as a “vessel” to be filled with the experiences of its occupants. Hall McKnight worked with a multidisciplinary team including AECOM.
The project will feature “DeafSpace” design principles, which are based on the knowledge that the built environment, largely constructed by and for hearing individuals, presents a variety of challenges to which deaf people have responded with a particular way of altering their surroundings to fit their unique ways-of-being. Examples of DeafSpace design elements can be found on the Gallaudet campus in several buildings. This project is the first time these design principles will be incorporated into a public space off the Gallaudet campus.
Gallaudet is the only bilingual liberal arts university in the world where academic and research programmes for deaf and hard of hearing students are conducted in both American Sign Language (ASL) and English. An internationally-recognised centre for Deaf Culture, Gallaudet is at the heart of an emerging renaissance known as Deaf Gain: a paradigm shift that switches the emphasis from hearing loss to the cultural, creative, and cognitive gains of deaf ways of being in the world.
The runner-up practices were Kennedy & Violich Architecture, Marvel Architects, and MASS Design Group. The winning and shortlisted teams’ concept designs can be viewed on the competition website http://competitions.malcolmreading.co.uk/gallaudet/
Roberta J. Cordano, president of Gallaudet University, said:
"Gallaudet is a national and international treasure that is known as the heart of the deaf and hard of hearing community. We sought out a partner that would cherish the integrity of our bilingual campus, which is our most cherished asset, and build bridges to share our unique attributes with the broader community. Hall McKnight aligned with our vision and we are grateful to be working with such a talented group of architects and designers."
Fred Weiner, assistant vice president for administration, CEO of the Gallaudet University Foundation, and co-chair of the jury, said:
"Gallaudet is playing a vital role in one of the most dramatic and exciting neighborhood revitalisations D.C. has undergone. At its core, this development is about partnering with the community and developing a shared future. We want to enhance the area and develop a sense of place for residents and visitors that is human-centered and innovative."
Robin Mosle, executive vice president at The JBG Companies, said:
"We approached this project striving to achieve a balance between historic and innovative design. Partnering with these two groups on the design competition has been both enlightening and inspiring. We look forward to the unique approach that Hall McKnight will bring to Gallaudet and DeafSpace design principles."
Hansel Bauman, Gallaudet University architect, executive director of campus design and construction and co-founder of the DeafSpace project, said:
"The most essential component to this competition was collaboration. The first phase of the competition called for ideas to be shared by deaf, hard of hearing, and deafblind people from around the world, the second phase included a campus visit by all the finalist teams, and the third phase included detailed recommendations from the diverse jury as well as the final selection from President Cordano and other campus leaders. Involving our stakeholders throughout each step of the process is what made this project uniquely Gallaudet."
David Hamilton, director of projects, Malcolm Reading Consultants, said:
"This was a truly unique and absorbing competition for MRC to help define and manage. It demonstrated how high levels of public engagement can be embedded seamlessly into a competitive process to achieve a successful outcome. We commend all the teams for the immense skill and flair each brought to reflecting Gallaudet’s aims and objectives in built form. Finally, we congratulate Gallaudet and its development partner The JBG Companies for their dedication to the competition process."
Alastair Hall, principal, Hall McKnight, said:
"We are honoured and delighted to have won this exciting competition. This was a stimulating process with an engaging brief, and we look forward to developing our thinking and vision in partnership with Gallaudet."
Richard Dougherty, associate, Hall McKnight, said:
"This has been a very special and inspirational journey for us, with an unprecedented level of engagement with stakeholders. The step-by-step approach to the process enabled our design concept to be tested and adjusted directly with users at every stage."
The competition jury comprised: Benjamin J. Bahan, Ph.D., Professor, Gallaudet University; Elizabeth Diller, Architect and Artist, Diller Scofidio + Renfro; Keith Doane, Graduate Student Association, Gallaudet University; Lisa Findley, Architect and Professor, California College of the Arts; Valerie Fletcher, Executive Director, Institute for Human Centered Design; Robin Mosle, Executive Vice President for Retail, The JBG Companies; Roslyn (Roz) Rosen, Ed.D., Director, Rosen Global Services; Fred Weiner, CEO Gallaudet University Foundation, Gallaudet University; Marion Weiss, Architect and Co-founder, Weiss/Manfredi Architecture; Aaron Williamson, artist, choreographer and writer; Mabel O. Wilson, Associate Professor, Columbia University.
The jury was advised by: David Hamilton, director of projects, Malcolm Reading Consultants; and Hansel Bauman, executive director of campus design and planning, Gallaudet University.
All images copyright Gallaudet University / Malcolm Reading Consultants / Hall McKnight.